Defective vision is an unavoidable problem among people of all ages worldwide. More and more children are coming under it's grip. Doctors say that the main reason behind the problem, is reading in dim light. Also other factors like stress, mental strain, wrong food habits and improper blood and nerve supply can play major reasons behind this growing problem.
To describe, mental pressure and stress can similar physical strain on eye muscle and nerves. The lesser flaws are largely the result of mental strain owing to over work, fear, anxiety. Then comes diet habit. Doctors say that the muscle and blood vessels around the eye contribute to the obstructing process because of improper metabolism resulting from an imbalanced and too-concentrated diet. Also, wrong blood supply can play another major reason. Anything that can interfere either with the blood vessels or with the nerves of the eyes can be the cause of faulty vision.
Cure: Few popular exercises are described below
Keep your eyes still and relaxed. Gently move the eyes up and down six times. Repeat the same movement twice or thrice at two second intervals. The eyes should move slowly and regularly as far down as possible and then as far up as possible.
Move the eyes from side to side as far as possible, without any force or effort six times . Repeat two or three times.
Hold the index finger of your right hand about eight inches in front of the eyes, then look from the finger to any other large object ten or more feet away - the door of window will do. Look from one to the other ten times . Do this exercise fairly rapidly.
Among the other measures, there are splashing; Splash plain, cold water several times on closed eyes. Palming; cover your eyes with hands but do not press down your eyes. Swinging; stand with your feet 12 inches apart, hands held loosely at the sides, the whole body and mind relaxed. Gently sway your body from side to side, slowly, steadily with the heels rising alternatively but not the rest of the foot. Imagine you are the pendulum of a clock, and move just as slowly. Swinging should be done in front of a window or a picture.
There is yet another effective exercise that is called trataka. It is of four types: Dakshinayjatru trataka in which, with face forwards, the eyes are fixed on the tip of the right shoulder, Vamajatru trataka, in which the eyes are fixed on the tip of the left shoulder, Namikagra trtaka, in which the eyes are focused on the tip of the nose, and Bhrumadhya trataka, in which the eyes are focused on the space between the eye brows. The exercise should be practised from a meditative position like padmasana or vajrasana.
To conclude, doctors suggest some diet also. Proper diet includes fresh fruits such as oranges, apples, grapes, peaches, plums, cherries, green vegetables like lettuce, cabbage, spinach, turnip tops, root vegetables like potatoes, turnips, carrot, onions and beet roots, nuts, dried fruits and dairy products. One should avoid nans, cakes, pastries, white sugar, white bread, confectionery, tea, coffee, etc.
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