The Combination of Occlusion and Refractive Correction Can Be A Better Treatment For Strabismic Amblyopia

A meta-analysis published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews reveals that combining occlusion and refractive correction with near activities may be more effective than occlusion. The authors of the study, Kate Shotton and Sue Elliot randomized controlled trials, evaluating the efficacy of different methods for treating strabismic amblyopia among patients of all ages.

In the study, 39 of 180 patients were diagnosed with moderate or severe amblyopia with strabismus. These participants were randomly assigned to receive either spectacle correction only or 2 hours of daily occlusion and spectacle correction for 5 weeks. The researchers in this study found that occlusion with refractive correction was more effective than refractive correction alone. The second study included in the review — a pilot study — included 20 of 64 strabismic amblyopic patients who were randomly assigned to receive 2 hours of daily occlusion with near or non-near activities for 4 weeks. The researchers found that supplementing occlusion therapy with near activities produced better average visual outcomes compared with patients instructed to carry out non-near activities.
Source: OSN SUPER SITE

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