Early detection and treatment is essential for two common eye conditions in children that can cause serious vision problems later in life, says Prevent Blindness America (PBA).
Amblyopia (lazy eye) and strabismus (crossed or improperly aligned eyes) affect as many as one in 20 preschool children.
Amblyopia has a number of causes, including any underlying condition that causes the brain to receive images of unequal quality. For example, one eye may focus better than the other eye. The sooner amblyopia is detected and treated, the better the chance of correcting it.
Strabismus happens when the eye muscles fail to work in unison. The condition may be present at birth, develop at a later age, or may result from illness or injury. If strabismus is left untreated, it can lead to amblyopia and blindness in an eye, PBA says.