Drainage system of eye - is it working well?

Checkout if your drainage system of eye working properly :

  • Get your eye checked up from a professional and make him check your eyes' intraocular pressure (IOP). If its high then you are in trouble.
  • Ultrasound biomicroscopy also may be used to evaluate how well fluids flow through the eye's internal structures.
  • Gonioscopy is the use of special lenses that allow your eye doctor to visually inspect eye structures that control fluid drainage.
  • Opthalmoscope used to help your eye doctor view internal eye structures, to make sure nothing unusual interferes with the outflow and drainage of eye fluids.

Do you know how your eye looks like and how it has its drainage system working?

The front part of the eye is filled with a clear fluid called intraocular fluid or aqueous humor, made by the ciliary body. The fluid flows out through the pupil. It is then absorbed into the bloodstream through the eye’s drainage system. This drainage system is a meshwork of drainage canals around the outer edge of the iris. Proper drainage helps keep eye pressure at a normal level. The production, flow, and drainage of this fluid is an active continuous process that is needed for the health of the eye.

The inner pressure of the eye (intraocular pressure or IOP) depends upon the amount of fluid in the eye. If your eye’s drainage system is working properly then fluid can drain out and prevent a buildup. Likewise, if your eye’s fluid system is working properly, then the right amount of fluid will be produced for a healthy eye. Your IOP can vary at different times of the day, but it normally stays within a range that the eye can handle.

eye-anatomyWhat will happen to you if your drainage system of eye fail?

It may cause you Glaucoma a dangerous eye disease resulting out of imbalance in the amount of fluid produced inside and the amount of fluid draining out. Thus due to accumulation in the IOP, the external pressure of eye increases. The pressure also passes towards your retina, and results in increasing the pressure towards the nerve fibres. The nerve fibres  on failing to cope up with this increasing pressure die. Thus if this event continues it leads to blindness.

What might be the cause of failure?

The majority of cases that has been reported till date is congenital. About 80% case is such. Apart from this glaucoma can be caused due to inflammation, infection, tumor, or an enlarged cataract.

What are the treatments available?

Depending on the severity of the disease, treatment for glaucoma can involve the use of medications, conventional (bladed) surgery, laser surgery or a combination of these treatments. Medicated eye drops aimed at lowering IOP usually are tried first to control glaucoma.

Because glaucoma is often painless, people may become careless about strict use of eye drops that can control eye pressure and help prevent permanent eye damage. In fact, non-compliance with a program of prescribed glaucoma medication is a major reason for blindness resulting from glaucoma.

If you find that the eye drops you are using for glaucoma are uncomfortable or inconvenient, never discontinue them without first consulting your eye doctor about a possible alternative therapy.

All glaucoma surgery procedures (whether laser or non-laser) are designed to accomplish one of two basic results: decrease the production of intraocular fluid or increase the outflow (drainage) of this same fluid. Occasionally, a procedure will accomplish both.

Currently the goal of glaucoma surgery and other glaucoma therapy is to reduce or stabilize intraocular pressure (IOP). When this goal is accomplished, damage to ocular structures – especially the optic nerve – may be prevented.

Though it seems to be that there is nothing in our hand to control the disease, since it is a congenital one, but an early detection and care can save a person from contracting the severity of the disease. If this article succeeds in making you aware of the disease we might say that our effort to reach to you has been partially rewarded.


One Response to “Drainage system of eye - is it working well?”

  1. Srijoni Says:

    Can you please detail about the latest treatments about glaucoma and where it is done? A very well encrypted report.

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