Diabetic retinopathy links obstructive sleep apnea

Eye, which was known as the window of soul have extended its  capability and approved by the medical world also as the window of medical information. New study confirms that diabetics with retinopathy is having a higher chance to suffer from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).

Sophie D. West, M.D., of the Oxford Centre for Respiratory Medicine in the United Kingdom, who led the research, confirms that this study suggests that OSA is linked to retinopathy in type 2 diabetes.

As per previous study 23 percent of men with type 2 diabetes have OSA which was under-recognized and under-treated.

In the present study data from 118 men who had participated in the earlier study has been analyzed on the basis of the prevalence of OSA in type 2 diabetes in Oxford, England.

All patients with type 2 diabetes in the U.K. are offered annual retinal screening to look for signs of retinopathy. The images were studied by ophthalmology graders for evidence of retinopathy and the sleep study data was reviewed to determine the presence or absence of OSA.

The study results reveled that 54 percent diabetic patients who are suffering from OSA is also having retinopathy,compared to fewer than a third—31 percent—of those without OSA, independent of the effects of glucose control, age, body mass index, high blood pressure and the duration of the diabetes. This was statistically significant.

According to Dr. West, this study result suggest further investigation into this proven association between OSA and retinopathy. The study shows that OSA had a far stronger relationship with retinopathy than did glucose control or high blood pressure.

Researchers suggests that doctors and nurses while dealing with type 2 diabetic patients with retinopathy, should also screened them for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).

The new research have been scheduled to be presented at the American Thoracic Society's 105th International Conference in San Diego on May 19, patients with diabetes who have retinopathy should also be screened for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).

Source: EurekAlert

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