Allergy conjunctivitis - important tips

conjunctivitisAllergy conjunctivitis has been a common eye allergy that many of us have experienced at different points of time. Here is an article where a professional doctor suggests some do's and don'ts to help you against allergy conjunctivitis.

What is Allergy in respect to eye?

Dr Amtul, an eye specialist at Al-Shifa Eye Trust Hospital, during a relief camp set up for IDPS in Westridge here on Monday. He said an allergy refer to an exaggerated reaction by our immune system in response to certain agents (allergens). Common allergens are pollen from trees, grass and ragweed, animal skin and secretions such as saliva, perfumes, cosmetics, skin medicines, air pollution, smoke, dust, drugs used locally in the eyes for any reasons. According to him in Pakistan the commonest allergens are smoke and dust.

Allergy Conjunctivitis

How it is caused?

Allergy conjunctivitis is irritating and uncomfortable, it rarely affects eyesight. Besides itching, there can be watering, foreign body sensation and redness of the eye. Allergy conjunctivitis is more common in people who have tendency to other allergic conditions like asthma rhinitis (sneezing, watery nose) and eczema. It is also common in those people who work in dusty environment.

If there is a predisposition to allergy it is not possible to avoid it. Firstly it is extremely difficult to identify the allergens like dust and smoke, secondly one cannot avoid them by remaining indoors and keeping the house air-tight for a long time. Avoiding dusty and windy environment and possibly staying in an air-conditioned room during summer may reduce the chance of getting allergy.

Tips to avoid it

Use of sunglasses may also be beneficial. If one can find out relationship of itching with agents like soap, cosmetics, foods, the disease can be prevented by avoiding that particular source of allergy.

At its onset, conjunctivitis is usually painless and does not adversely affect vision. The infection will clear in most cases without requiring medical care. But for some forms of conjunctivitis, treatment will be needed. If treatment is delayed, the infection may worsen and cause corneal inflammation and loss of vision.

One gets temporarily relief from itching with various means. Safest self-treatment is frequent eyewash with ice-cold water, which acts as decongestant and cleansing agents. Artificial tears can also be soothing with a lubricating effect. Several types of eye non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug or a massed-cell stabiliser, some drops are also available to treat allergy conjunctivitis.

eyedropsThey can help relieve itchy, watery eyes and may keep symptoms from returning. Eye drops may contain an antihistamine or decongestant, or a combination of both. Most effective treatment is use of steroid drops. It should be remember that steroidised are harmful to the eye if used without the advice of doctor and for a longer period.

Treatments available

Treatment for conjunctivitis varies with the cause. Bacterial conjunctivitis requires topical application of the appropriate broad-spectrum antibiotic. Although viral conjunctivitis resists treatment, a sulfonamide or broad-spectrum antibiotic eye drops may prevent a secondary infection. Patients may be contagious for several weeks after onset. The most important aspect of treatment is preventing transmission. Herpes simplex infection generally responds to treatment with eye drops or ointment, but the infection may persist for 2 to 3 weeks.

Therefore we hope these few facts on allergy conjunctivitis will really help you to get rid of the pink eyes again.

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