Cataracts are a major health problem in the United States. There are more than one million cataracts extracted each year at a cost of more than $3 billion.
Though aging is the primary risk factor for cataracts, but there are other factors which can help develop in younger eyes.
Conditions that can trigger the process leading to cataracts in young age include the following:
1. From mother at birth time: Newborn are affected with cataract if mother has vitamin deficiencies, infections, viral fever or had used drugs.
2. Diabetes: Younger people with diabetes, are at high risk for cataracts, either because of a direct effect of the disease, its treatments, or both. People with diabetes type 1 or 2 are at very high risk for cataracts and are much more likely to develop them at a younger age.
3. Obesity and Height: Studies have now reporting obesity as a risk factor for cataracts, notably posterior subcapsular cataracts, which form toward the back of the lens. According to one study of 17,150 there is a specifically higher association in overweight people who are tall and whose fat distribution is primarily in the abdomen.
4. Smoking: Cigarette smoking is a definite risk factor for cataracts and it is dose related - the more you smoke and the longer the duration of smoking, the greater the cataract risk.
5. Alcohol Users: Chronic drinkers are at high risk for a number of eye disorders, including cataracts. Alcohol has been implicated in cataract development in a number of studies. In one study, heavy beer drinking specifically increased the risk for cataracts in the cortex.
6. Use of steroid:
a. Long term use of steroids due to some prolong illness- Medical conditions requiring high use of corticosteroids (commonly called steroids) pose a particularly high risk. Many of these medical conditions are autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Behcet's disease, and others.
b. Oral steroids: especially used in readymade formulas, served as special diet for body building for a long time leads to development of cataract. One should consult the gymnasium instructor before consuming it.
c. steroid eye drop : using eye drops for a long period leads to cataract formation. Six weeks of continuous usage of eye drops leads to cataract claims: Dr Arjun Ahuja, professor Sion Hospital, ophthalmology department.
7. Inhaler: Inhalers used by asthmatic leads to posterior subcapsular cataract.
8. Over-Exposure to Sunlight: Exposure to even low-level UVB radiation from sunlight increases the risk for cataracts. A November 2003 study published in the journal Epidemiology provided new evidence supporting the link between sun exposure and nuclear cataracts. The risk was highest among those who had significant sun exposure at a young age.
9. Injury to eyes: Physical injury to the eye (such as a hard blow, cut, or puncture),chemical burns, electrical shock injuries, etc.
10. Others :
a. Eye Features: People who are nearsighted and those with brown eyes may be at higher than average risk. (Not all studies, however, report a higher risk in people with darker eyes.)
b. Ethnicity: A nine-year population study, published in the March 2004 issue of Ophthalmology, revealed that African Americans have a 1.8 times higher risk of developing cataracts then whites.
OOOPS, quite a long list man, but all my hard effort is only to help you out from this avoidable blindness. Specialists claim that cataract has already increased to 30% among young people. According to experts, there are two causes of cataract in adults— the acquired cataract and the congenital. It is the acquired form of cataract that is increasing sharply among adults. So why not try to adjust our lifestyle a little bit to avoid this damn thing?